Rutgers SHP - Policies


Subject : RESEARCH Title : STUDENT and FACULTY AUTHORSHIP Coding : 5.1
Category :
Responsible Executive : Associate Dean for Research Responsible Office : SHRP Research
Adopted : 7/05 Amended : Last Reviewed : 10/24/2010

I. Purpose
This policy serves as a guide to faculty and students who submit their work for scholarly publication or presentation under multiple authorship.
II. Accountability
Under the direction of the Associate Dean for Research and the advisement of the Committee on Research (COR), it is the responsibility of the individual faculty members and students to follow this policy.
III. Policy

General Authorship

To receive authorship for research work, each author shall have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for its content. Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to (a) conception, design, (b) analysis or interpretation of data, or both; (c) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content. Final approval of the version to be published or presented should be obtained by the authors. Conditions (a), (b), and (c) must all be met. Participation solely in the collection of data does not justify authorship nor does general supervision of the research group.

Students or faculty who have contributed intellectually to the paper but whose contribution (i.e. advice, critical review of the study proposal, data collection) does not justify authorship may be acknowledged. Such persons must have given their permission to be acknowledged. Technical help should be acknowledged in a separate paragraph from the contribution above. Financial or material support from any source must be specified.

Student Research

Prior to the initiation of any multiple-student project, the primary faculty advisor identifies how each student will contribute to the conduct of the project and its written presentation. The contributions may be re-negotiated as the project and writing continue. In the case where all contributions are equal, alphabetical order is recommended. Students completing research under the advisement of faculty should be listed as the first author(s), with the primary faculty advisor listed after the student's name if the criteria listed above in general authorship have been met. However, advisors who participate in or make significant contributions to a study may more appropriately be credited by being listed as first author. Additional faculty members contributing to the project shall follow the guidelines listed above for general authorship. The Committee on Research (COR) will serve as the hearing body for disagreements among individual researchers or between research groups concerning this matter. Additionally, student projects that are presented or published after the student graduates from the school must acknowledge that the project was completed during the student years and, if applicable, to satisfy graduation requirement. Faculty approval or sign off for such projects must be obtained.